Mikaela Björklund is lecturer in foreign language education at the Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Åbo Akademi University. Her research and developmental work interests focus on the premises for teaching and learning English as a foreign language in Swedish-medium primary schools in Finland, Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) at different levels in education, linguistic, and cultural integration patterns in comprehensive education, including teacher beliefs, pupils’ patterns of multilingual language use, and linguistic schoolscapes. The most recent research interest is teacher education as an arena for developing language awareness and multilingual language use. Siv Björklund is professor of Swedish immersion at the Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Åbo Akademi University. Her research encompasses Swedish language immersion, Swedish as a second language, bilingual and multilingual learnng, content and language integrated learning, and minority studies. Recent research projects focus on the relation between multilingualism and identity in immersion programs, pedagogical practices for language-diverse classes, and development of participatory writing among students with Swedish as a first or second language in different settings. Björklund is also one of the founders of the Journal of Immersion and Content-Based Language Education (JICB, John Benjamins Publishing Company)
Björklund and Björklund (2021) identified four contextual levels for the study of DLCs—individual, institutional, regional, and national. Their study concentrated on individual and organizational DLCs of Finnish/Swedish/English in one Finnish-medium and one Swedish-medium school, respectively. Although national curricula in Finland take linguistic diversity among the pupils into consideration, Björklund and Björklund suggest that uncovering layers of DLCs in organizations can reveal possible tensions between individual DLCs and institutional DLCs. The scholars believe that having an institutional DLC or DLCs would enable school or university leaders to provide appropriate affordances for languages in this institution.